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Metal box and engraved lid with initials made by an inmate to carry soap in a slave labor camp
approximately 1944 November
|Accession Number||1997.102.2 a-b|
Gleiwitz I (Concentration camp);
|Brief Narrative||Metal box made by Sam Spiegel and used to carry soap in Gleiwitz slave labor camp, a subcamp of Auschwitz. It is engraved with entwined initials RG and SS, for Regina Gutman and Sam Spiegel, and a heart pierced by an arrow. Sam and Regina met in Pionki in German occupied Poland in 1941, where both were forced laborers in a munitions factory. In fall 1944, they were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau where they were separated. Regina was transferred to Baumlitz, an underground munitions factory, then Elsnig. In April 1945, that camp was evacuated by train. The train was bombed by the Allies and Regina was wounded. She hid in barns until liberated in Poznan on April 20by the Soviets; she weighed eighty pounds. Sam had been sent to subcamp Gleiwitz and then on a death march to Blechhammer when he escaped in January 1945. After the area was liberated by the Soviets, he returned to Kozienice. Sam learned that Regina was in Radom and sent a horse and buggy for her. They left for Germany where they married in 1946 in the Föhrenwald displaced persons camp. Regina's uncle in the US sent them affidavits of support and they emigrated to America in November 1947.|
|Provenance||The box was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1997 by Regina and Samuel Spiegel.|
|Legal Status||Permanent Collection|
Ornamental boxes (lcsh)
|Dimensions||overall : 1.625 x 2.500 x 1.125 in. (4.128 x 6.35 x 2.858 cm.)|
|Inscription||b. exterior to, engraved : RG SS [intertwined]|
a : metal
b : metal
Concentration camp inmates--Poland--Biography.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives.
World War, 1939-1945--United States--Personal narratives.
|Conditions on Access||No restrictions on access|
|Conditions on Use||No restrictions on use|
|Credit Line||United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Regina and Samuel Spiegel|
|Funding Note||The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.|
a. Rectangular, metal box.
b. Rectangular metal lid engraved with the initials RG and SS with an arrow through a heart engraved in the center.
|Link to Collection||
Regina and Samuel Spiegel collection
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|Record last modified: 2014-03-29 22:18:21|