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Sommerda labor camp Aufsicht [Supervisor] armband worn by a Czech Jewish female inmate

Date 1944-1945  (use)
Accession Number 2009.18.2
Language German
Geography issue : Sommerda (Concentration camp); Sommerda (Germany)
Brief Narrative Supervisor's armband issued to 24 year old Charlotte (Sari) Ickovics in 1944-1945 when she was an inmate of the Sommerda forced labor camp in Germany. She worked in a munitions factory that assembled bullet casings. In 1944, she and her eight siblings were separated from their parents in the ghetto in Berehove, Czechoslovakia (Ukraine) and deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp. Sari and her sister, Irene, were sent to Gelsenkirchen concentration camp and, when the Allies neared the area, transported to Sommerda. She and Irene were liberated during a death march when their SS guards fled. Five of her eight siblings survived; her parents, a brother, two sisters and their children, did not.
Provenance The armband was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2009 by Amos Neufeld, the son of Charlotte Neufeld, on behalf of the Estate of Charlotte Neufeld.
Classification Identifying Artifacts
Category Armbands
Object Type Armbands (lcsh)
Dimensions overall : 6.250 x 2.750 in. (15.875 x 6.985 cm.)
Markings front, stencilled, brown ink : Aufsicht [Supervisor]
Materials overall : cloth, thread, ink
Topical Term Forced labor--Germany--Sommerda--Biography.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czechoslovakia--Personal narratives.
Jewish families--Ukraine.
Women concentration camp inmates--Biography.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor--Germany--Personal narratives.
Conditions on Access No restrictions on access
Conditions on Use No restrictions on use
Creator Subject : Charlotte Neufeld
  • Charlotte (Sari) Neufeld was born on September 26, 1919, in Dulkovice, Czechoslovakia. In 1920, the family, both parents and eight children, moved to Berehove, Ukraine. In 1944, the family was forced into a ghetto in Berehove and the children were separated from their parents. After eight days, Sari and her siblings were taken to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. After six weeks there, Sari and her sister, Irene, were taken to Gelsenkirchen. In late September, 1944, after the Allies had begun a bombing campaign, Sari and her sister were transferred to the Sommerda labor camp. In Sommerda, Sari and Irene worked in a munitions factory putting together bullet casings; Sari was assigned as supervisor. In the spring of 1945, the Allies were bombing the area and Sari and her sister were forced on a march toward the Czech border.They reached a small village, Reinsholdshain, where they hid in a basement with a German family to escape the bombing and fighting. The German SS fled the area and the American army arrived a few days later. Sari and Irene returned to Berehove, but soon left for Budapest. Five of the eight siblings had survived; their parents, a brother, two sisters and their children, did not. Sari was married in Budapest on October 14, 1945, to Ernest Neufeld, whom she had known before the war. In 1949, they joined Sari’s sister, Irene, in Israel. Sari emigrated to the United States with her husband and son, Amos, in 1958. Charlotte died on January 15, 2009, at the age of 89.
Credit Line United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Estate of Charlotte Neufeld
Record Type Object
Physical Description Stained and worn offwhite cloth armband stitched together to form a band and hemmed in blue thread, with German text stencilled across front in brown ink.
Attachment 2009.18.2_001.800x800.jpg
Link to Collection Charlotte Neufeld collection
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  Record last modified: 2014-03-16 13:36:37
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