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Oral history interview with Regina Gutman Spiegel

Interview Summary Regina Spiegel, born in Radom, Poland on April 20, 1926, discusses her views on why the Nazis killed Jews; the Nazi invasion, during which she was age 13; her family; being vulnerable to those in control; how her family gave up all their valuables; the anti-Semitic laws; the establishment of the ghetto in 1940; bribing the ghetto guards so she could escape; taking a train to her sister’s home in a nearby village; working in a camp there; how her sister was turned in to the Gestapo and was later killed while trying to escape a train; being sent to Auschwitz; conditions on the train and the altruism of the passengers; getting to Auschwitz, being stripped of clothing, tattooed, and having all her hair removed in the showers; going back to Auschwitz in 1976; being put to work in a munitions factory at Bergen-Belsen; being on a train that was bombed by Allied Forces and sustaining shrapnel injuries; German and Jewish relations; the death of her sister and nephew; and the depression in Germany.
Collection Subtitle While the World Was Silent: The Story of Regina Gutman Spiegel
Date 1988 May 12  (interview)
RG Number RG-50.009*0014
Accession Number 2009.281.14
Extent 4 videocassettes : U-Matic.
Language English
Provenance The Holocaust Eyewitness Project produced the interview with Regina Gutman Spiegel on May 12, 1988 in the Washington, D.C. area. Edith Fierst, on behalf of the Holocaust Eyewitness Project, donated a copy of the interview to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989.
Classification video recording
Corporate Name Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp)
Elsnig (Concentration camp)
Geographic Name Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945.
Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland)
Personal Name Spiegel, Regina, 1926-
Topical Term Altruism.
Bombing, Aerial--Poland.
Concentration camp tattoos.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives.
Holocaust survivors--United States--Travel--Poland.
Jewish ghettos--Poland--Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie)
Jews--Legal status, laws, etc.--Poland.
Jews--Poland--Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie)
Conditions on Access No restrictions on access
Conditions on Use No restrictions on use. Donor retains copyright on this collection.
Credit Line United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Holocaust Eyewitness Project and Edith Fierst
Record Type Oral History
Digital Files
Link to Collection Oral history interviews of the Holocaust Eyewitness Project collection
Transcript/Notes Summary of Oral history interview with Regina Gutman Spiegel [RG-50.009.0014_sum_en.pdf]
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2009.281.14 RG-50.009*0014 Oral History Transcript or Notes Summary of Oral history interview with Regina Gutman Spiegel
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  Record last modified: 2014-11-28 14:46:53
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