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Oral history interview with Efraim Fishman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.290 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0290

Efraim Fishman, born in Dubrovitsa, Poland (now Dubrovytsia, Ukraine) in 1922, discusses his family life; being the oldest of five children; attending a Tarbut school then gymnasium in Rivne, Ukraine; participating in Hashomer Hatzair, Betar, and Mizrachi; the Soviet occupation; being interrogated by the NKVD due to his Zionist activities; the German invasion; fleeing to Korets', Ukraine; doing forced labor for the German Army; returning to Rivne; life in the Rovna ghetto; forced labor clearing bombing rubble; a non-Jewish friend hiring him to tutor her children and giving him her husband's birth certificate; hiding in her attic during a mass killing in November 1941; traveling to Kovel, Ukraine in March 1942; working in a train station for a German cattle transport company; assisting partisans by providing them with train schedules; working disguised as a Pole in Kovel; working to prepare an airport for large aircraft by reading and interpreting plans in Odessa, Ukraine; being recruited into the Polish army; being sent for training to Charkov (Kharkiv), Ukraine and Lusk, Poland (Luts'k, Ukraine) through November 1944; traveling to Warsaw, Poland, Poznan, Poland, Kohlberg, Germany, Stettin (Szczecin), Poland, and the Oder river; leaving the Polish army; reconnecting with his brother; moving to Vienna, Austria, where he participated in organizing a Hebrew transition school; moving to Palestine in 1947; and the story of his sister's survival.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Efraim Fishman
interview:  1996 August 30
4 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-08-03 11:26:24
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