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Oral history interview with Helen Liebowitz Goldkind


Interview Summary Helen Liebowitz Goldkind, born in Volosyanka, Czechoslovakia (Ukraine) on July 9, 1928, describes her childhood and family; the Hungarian occupation of Czechoslovakia and going into a ghetto in Uzhgorod, Ukraine; maintaining religious traditions in the ghetto; the Germans taking over the ghetto and deporting her and her family to Auschwitz; her transport to another camp and hearing bombs going off during the train ride; arriving in a German camp and working in a munitions factory; going on a truck with two hundred other girls to Bergen-Belsen, where English troops eventually liberated her; the Swedish Red Cross offering to take care of her and others in Sweden; discovering that only one of her sisters survived the war and had immigrated to the United States; and following her sister to the United States, where she settled in New York, NY and got married.
Date 1990 January 16  (interview)
RG Number RG-50.030*0083
Accession Number 1990.443.1
Extent 1 videocassette ,1/2/in sound., color. : NTSC Betacam SP.
Language English
Provenance Leasa Fields, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch, conducted the oral history interview with Helen Liebowitz Goldkind on January 16, 1990.
Interviewer Leasa Fields
Classification video recording
Dimensions overall : 0.500 in. (1.27 cm.)
overall : 0.500 in. (1.27 cm.)
overall : 0.500 in. (1.27 cm.)
Corporate Name Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp)
Svenska röda korset.
Genre/Form Oral histories.
Geographic Name Czechoslovakia--History--1938-1945.
New York (N.Y.)
Sweden.
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Uzhhorod (Ukraine)
Volosianka (Zakarpats'ka oblast', Ukraine)
Personal Name Goldkind, Helen Liebowitz, 1928-
Topical Term Forced Labor--Germany.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Ukraine--Personal narratives.
Jewish children in the Holocaust--Ukraine.
Jewish ghettos--Ukraine--Uzhhorod.
Jewish refugees--Sweden.
Jews--Czechoslovakia.
Jews--Persecutions--Ukraine.
Jews--Ukraine--Volosyanka (Zakarpats'ka oblast')
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Germany.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation.
Conditions on Access No restrictions on access
Conditions on Use Restrictions on use. Interview may not be used for commercial ventures.
Record Type Oral History
Digital Files
Link to Collection United States Holocaust Memorial Museum oral history collection
Transcript/Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Helen Liebowitz Goldkind [RG-50.030.0083_trs_en.pdf]
 
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1990.443.1 RG-50.030*0083 Oral History Transcript or Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Helen Liebowitz Goldkind
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  Record last modified: 2014-08-12 13:49:03
 
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