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Oral history interview with Flora Mendelowitz Singer
|Interview Summary||Flora Mendelovicz Singer, born August 16, 1930 in Berchem, Belgium, describes growing up with three sisters; her father's decision to immigrate to the United States in 1938 but not moving with her father because of immigration quotas; going to a state-sponsored summer camp by the sea in 1940; the German invasion of Belgium while she was at the camp; returning to Antwerp, Belgium and then taking off for the French border with her mother and sister; arriving in Calais, France, where they attempted to board a Red Cross ship but were turned away; continuing to Boulogne-Sur-Mer, France, where their journey was halted by the German advance; walking and hitch-hiking back to Antwerp when the Germans issued a decree for all non-French residents to return to their country of origin in June 1940; wearing the yellow star and not being permitted to go to many public locations; fleeing to Brussels, Belgium, where her mother changed the family's name to "Fiers" and had them enroll in a public school; her principal's discovery of their Jewish identity and helping them go into hiding; moving to a convent in Doel, Belgium, where they were hidden by nuns for two months; returning to Brussels when the nuns decided that it was too dangerous to keep them; going to an orphanage in Etterbeek to hide; finding out after the war that Father Bruno Reynders was responsible for hiding her and her sisters, as well as 400 other children; moving to the Our Lady of Seven Sorrows Convent in Werselater in the summer of 1943; reuniting with her mother in May 1944 at the convent; returning to Brussels when Belgium was liberated in October 1944; enrolling in secretarial school after the war; receiving word in December 1945 that her father had served in the US Army and was located in New York; and her immigration to the US on May 29, 1946.|
1995 December 12
4 videocassettes : Betacam SP.
|Provenance||The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch conducted the oral history interview with Flora Mendelowitz Singer on December 12, 1995.|
|Interviewer||Randy M. Goldman|
|Legal Status||Permanent Collection|
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Singer, Flora Mendelowitz, 1930-
Reynders, Bruno, 1903-1981.
Hidden children (Holocaust)--Belgium--Brussels.
Hidden children (Holocaust)--Belgium--Doel.
Hidden children (Holocaust)--Belgium--Etterbeek.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Belgium--Personal narratives.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Jewish children in the Holocaust--Belgium.
Star of David badges.
World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue--Belgium.
|Conditions on Access||No restrictions on access|
|Conditions on Use||No restrictions on use|
|Record Type||Oral History|
|Link to Collection||
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum oral history collection
Transcript of Oral history interview with Flora Mendelowitz Singer [RG-50.030.0356_trs_en.pdf]
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|Record last modified: 2014-11-28 15:54:56|