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Oral history interview with Regina Spiegel

Interview Summary Regina Spiegel, (née Gutman) born May 12, 1926 in Radom, Poland, discusses her post-war experiences starting with her liberation; traveling with 3,000 other female prisoners by train from Elsnig, Germany to Dachau, Germany; how the train stopped on the way to Dachau because the railway line had been bombed; how the train itself was bombed by the Allies while stopped on the tracks; being able to escape during the bombing; traveling with 15 other women by horse and buggy to Poland; sleeping in German homes while traveling to Poland; avoiding large groups of Russian soldiers; promising her mother and her boyfriend that if they were separated during the war, they would meet in Radom, Poland; how she and her friends boarded a train in Poznań, Poland without any money; meeting a man on the train with whom she had been imprisoned in Pionki, Poland; returning to Radom where she was told that returning Jews were being killed; returning to the Radom Ghetto, where many displaced persons were gathering; writing her name on a list of displaced persons in the Radom Ghetto; traveling from Radom to Kozienice to reunite with her boyfriend, Sam; leaving Poland with Sam and traveling by train to Prague, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic); traveling with the Joint Distribution Committee from Prague to Pilsen, Czech Republic and then to Germany; staying with Sam in the displaced persons camp Föhrenwald; her marriage to Sam in 1946; moving to Stuttgart, Germany, where she learned to be a seamstress through ORT classes; her involvement with the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in New York; her religious beliefs and how they changed throughout the war; moving to Washington, DC; how she and Sam learned to speak English; working as a seamstress before giving birth to a daughter in August 1951; her thoughts on the Yugoslavian conflict; her work with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum during its early development; her activity with the Jewish Holocaust Survivors and Friends of Greater Washington; returning with Sam to Auschwitz in 1975; speaking publically about the Holocaust; receiving an award from the United Jewish Appeal; and how she and Sam take groups of 16 to 18 year olds to Poland and Israel through the B'nai B'rith Youth Organization.
Date 1999 May 11  (interview)
RG Number RG-50.106*0116
Accession Number 1999.A.0094
Extent 2 sound cassettes ; 74 min..
Language English
Provenance Margaret Garrett, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, conducted the interview with Regina Spiegel on May 11, 1999 in Silver Spring, MD.
Interviewer Margaret Garrett
Classification sound recording
Corporate Name American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
B'nai B'rith Youth Organization.
Föhrenwald (Displaced persons camp)
Jewish Theological Seminary of America.
United Jewish Appeal.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
World ORT Union.
Geographic Name Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie, Poland)
Stuttgart (Germany)
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Personal Name Spiegel, Regina, 1926-
Topical Term Bombing, Aerial--Germany.
Faith (Judaism)
Hiding places--Germany.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Jewish ghettos--Poland--Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie)
Jewish refugees--Poland.
Jews--Poland--Radom (Województwo Mazowieckie)
Conditions on Access No restrictions on access
Conditions on Use No restrictions on use
Record Type Oral History
Digital Files
Link to Collection United States Holocaust Memorial Museum oral history volunteer collection
Transcript/Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Regina Spiegel [RG-50.106.0116_trs_en.pdf]
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1999.A.0094 RG-50.106*0116 Oral History Transcript or Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Regina Spiegel
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  Record last modified: 2014-12-01 12:25:33
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