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Oral history interview with Kurt Klein

Interview Summary Kurt Klein discusses the political situation in Germany during the early 1930s and how Jews did not take the Nazi rise to power seriously; his thoughts on why the Nazi party gained power so easily; the persecutions suffered by Jews and the boycott against Jewish businesses in the early 1930s; his withdrawal from school and his apprenticeship in the printing business; his immigration to the United States in 1937; how he learned of Kristallnacht events through newspaper reports in the United States; his service with the Fifth US Infantry Division of the Third Army during World War II and his assistance to Jewish women abandoned by their German guards in a factory building in Volary, Czechoslovakia; his first meeting with his future wife, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in the factory and the development of their relationship after World War II; and his participation in the interrogation of Erich Kempka, a former chauffeur for Adolf Hitler.
Date 1992 March 13  (interview)
RG Number RG-50.042*0015
Accession Number 1994.A.0447.15
Extent 1 videocassette : D2.
1 Sound recording master copies, 2 sound tape reels ,7 in analog, mono..
1 Motion picture film master copy, 1 film reel ,16 mm color..
Language English
Provenance Sandra Bradley, a film production consultant for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, conducted the interview with Kurt Klein on March 13, 1992, in Scottsdale, Ariz., in preparation for the making of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum exhibition film,"Testimony." The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History branch received the films and tapes of the interview in August 1994. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the films and tapes of the interview via transfer from the Oral History branch in February 1995.
Interviewer Sandra Bradley
Classification video recording
Corporate Name United States. Army. Army, 3rd.
United States. Army. Infantry Division, 5th.
Geographic Name Germany--Politics and government--1918-1933.
Germany--Politics and government--1933-1945.
Germany--Emigration and immigration.
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Volary (Czech Republic)
Personal Name Klein, Kurt, 1920-
Klein, Gerda Weissmann, 1924-
Kempka, Erich.
Topical Term Anti-Jewish boycotts--Germany.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Kristallnacht, 1938.
Military interrogation--United States.
War crime trials--Germany.
War criminals--Germany.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Czech Republic--Volary.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation.
World War, 1939-1945--German Americans.
World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish.
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American.
World War, 1939-1945--Veterans--United States.
Record Type Oral History
Digital Files
Link to Collection Testimony oral history collection
Transcript/Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Kurt Klein [RG-50.042.0015_trs_en.pdf]
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1994.A.0447.15 RG-50.042*0015 Oral History Transcript or Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Kurt Klein
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  Record last modified: 2014-11-28 16:58:41
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