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Oral history interview with Gerda Weissmann Klein


Interview Summary Gerda Weissmann Klein discusses her memories of the German invasion of Poland; her time in a ghetto in Poland; her deportation to a transit camp in Sosnowiec, Poland; her time working in slave labor as a weaver and loom operator; her friendship with Susie Kuhn and the bet they made together while on board a transport train on their way to Bolkenhain concentration camp; her memories of Frau Kligler, a guard in Bolkenhain; how she and a friend wrote and performed a play in their barrack at Bolkenhain; her memories of crafting a menorah from potatoes and celebration of the Jewish holidays in the camp; how she used her imagination as a defense against her captors; her move from Bolkenhain to Maerzdorf concentration camp where she worked harvesting flax from a swamp for linen production; how she celebrated her eighteenth birthday party; her experiences on a death march through Germany; the death of her friend Susie Kuhn, shortly before liberation; and her memories of her liberation by American troops at a camp near Volary, Czechoslovakia
Date 1992 March 13  (interview)
RG Number RG-50.042*0001
Accession Number 1994.A.0447.1
Extent 2 videocassettes : D2.
2 Sound recording master copies, 5 sound tape reels ,7 in analog, mono..
2 Motion picture film master copies, 4 film reels ,16 mm color..
Language English
Provenance Sandra Bradley, a film production consultant for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, conducted the interview with Gerda Weissmann Klein on March 13, 1992, in Scottsdale, Ariz., in preparation for the making of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum exhibition film,"Testimony." The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History branch received the films and tapes of the interview in August 1994. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the film and tapes of the interview via transfer from the Oral History branch in February 1995.
Classification video recording
Corporate Name Sosnowiec (Concentration camp)
Bolkenhain (Concentration camp)
Maerzdorf (Concentration camp)
Geographic Name Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945.
Personal Name Klein, Gerda Weissmann, 1924-
Topical Term Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives.
Holocaust survivors--United States--Interviews.
Jews--Poland.
Jewish ghettos--Poland.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor--Germany.
Looms.
Weaving.
Drama.
Imagination.
Women concentration camp guards--Germany.
Menorah.
Flax--Harvesting.
Judaism--Customs and practices.
Death marches--Germany.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation--Czech Republic--Volary.
Record Type Oral History
Digital Files
Link to Collection Testimony oral history collection
1994.A.0447
Transcript/Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Gerda Weissmann Klein [RG-50.042.0001_trs_en.pdf]
 
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1994.A.0447.1 RG-50.042*0001 Oral History Transcript or Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Gerda Weissmann Klein
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  Record last modified: 2014-11-28 17:00:44
 
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