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Oral history interview with Helen Goldkind

Interview Summary Helen Goldkind, born in Czechoslovakia (near Volosyanka, Ukraine) on July 9, 1928, describes her early childhood; experiencing antisemitism as a child; her recollections of the Nazi occupation of her town in 1944; her deportation to Auschwitz; how her grandfather was beaten to death for not relinquishing a Torah scroll; being sent to work at a munitions factory in Germany; being with her sister when they were liberated by British troops in 1945; spending time in the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp to recover; receiving help from the Swedish Red Cross and traveling to Sweden to recover; immigrating to the United States in 1946 with her sister; finding a job as a secretary in New York City; getting married and moving to Baltimore; the death of her sister and raising her children; and her reflections on the current state of the world.
Date 2001 February 21  (interview)
RG Number RG-50.106*0139
Accession Number 2001.136
Extent 3 sound cassettes ; 60 min..
Language English
Provenance The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch conducted the interview with Helen Goldkind in Bethesda, Md., on February 21, 2001. The interview was transferred to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in February 2001.
Interviewer Gail Schwartz
Classification sound recording
Corporate Name Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp)
Svenska röda korset.
Genre/Form Oral histories.
Geographic Name Czechoslovakia.
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Volosyanka (L'vivs'ka oblast', Ukraine)
Personal Name Goldkind, Helen Liebowitz, 1928-
Topical Term Antisemitism--Czechoslovakia.
Forced labor--Germany.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czechoslovakia--Personal narratives.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Jewish children in the Holocaust--Czechoslovakia.
Jewish families--Czechoslovakia.
Jewish refugees--Germany--Bergen (Celle)
Jewish refugees--Medical care--Germany.
Jewish refugees--Sweden.
Refugee camps--Germany--Bergen (Celle)
Women concentration camp inmates.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation.
Conditions on Access No restrictions on access
Conditions on Use No restrictions on use
Record Type Oral History
Digital Files
Link to Collection United States Holocaust Memorial Museum oral history volunteer collection
Transcript/Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Helen Goldkind [RG-50.106.0139_trs_en.pdf]
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2001.136 RG-50.106*0139 Oral History Transcript or Notes Transcript of Oral history interview with Helen Goldkind
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  Record last modified: 2014-12-01 12:17:01
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