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Oral history interview with Helen Goldkind
|Interview Summary||Helen Goldkind, born in Czechoslovakia (near Volosyanka, Ukraine) on July 9, 1928, describes her early childhood; experiencing antisemitism as a child; her recollections of the Nazi occupation of her town in 1944; her deportation to Auschwitz; how her grandfather was beaten to death for not relinquishing a Torah scroll; being sent to work at a munitions factory in Germany; being with her sister when they were liberated by British troops in 1945; spending time in the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp to recover; receiving help from the Swedish Red Cross and traveling to Sweden to recover; immigrating to the United States in 1946 with her sister; finding a job as a secretary in New York City; getting married and moving to Baltimore; the death of her sister and raising her children; and her reflections on the current state of the world.|
2001 February 21
3 sound cassettes ; 60 min. analog..
|Provenance||The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch conducted the interview with Helen Goldkind in Bethesda, Md., on February 21, 2001. The interview was transferred to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in February 2001.|
|Interviewer||Ms. Gail Schwartz|
|Legal Status||Permanent Collection|
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp)
Svenska röda korset.
United States--Emigration and immigration.
Volosyanka (L'vivs'ka oblast', Ukraine)
Goldkind, Helen Liebowitz, 1928-
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czechoslovakia--Personal narratives.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Jewish children in the Holocaust--Czechoslovakia.
Jewish refugees--Germany--Bergen (Celle)
Jewish refugees--Medical care--Germany.
Refugee camps--Germany--Bergen (Celle)
Women concentration camp inmates.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation.
|Conditions on Access||No restrictions on access|
|Conditions on Use||No restrictions on use|
|Record Type||Oral History|
|Link to Collection||
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum oral history volunteer collection
Transcript of Oral history interview with Helen Goldkind [RG-50.106.0139_trs_en.pdf]
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|Record last modified: 2014-04-17 14:20:56|