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Oral history interview with Irving Horn


Record Type:
Oral History
Interview Summary:
Irving Horn (né Isachar Herszenhorn), born in February 1927 in Radom, Poland, describes experiencing significant antisemitism as a child; the integration of schools when he was seven years old; how he and the only other Jewish boy at his new school were severely beaten by some of their schoolmates; the war breaking out and his father losing his job; his brother being accused of spying and temporarily jailed; attending a secret Jewish school for two years until Radom became a ghetto; the ghetto in Glinice; how upon the liquidation of the Radom ghetto, he and his father volunteered to work on the Waschnik estate; surviving encounters with the SS; working in a weapons factory, where he encountered Jacob Holz, a ruthless security guard against whom Irving later testified; how around July 25, 1944 he marched to Tomaszów because the Russians were approaching Radom; being deported by train to Auschwitz; being chosen with his father and two brothers to do work in Vaihingen an der Enz near Stuttgart; being sent by a guard to work on the Nazi Secretary of State’s sister-in-law’s estate for two weeks, where he received food and regained his strength; being sent to Camp Unterriexingen, Kochendorf, and finally to Dachau; being in Tyrol, Austria at the end of the war but being taken back to Germany and almost shot into a ravine; how before the killing was to take place, the SS men changed into civilian clothes and left; ending up in a military hospital in Mittenwald, Germany due to severe hunger; spending several years in a displaced persons camp in Stuttgart; immigrating to the United States in 1948; and being in the US Army between 1950 and 1952.
Date:
1992 January 11  (interview)
RG Number:
RG-50.233*0057
Accession Number:
1992.A.0125.57
Extent:
2 sound cassettes (90 min.).
Language:
English
Provenance:
Anthony Young, of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum ID Card Project, conducted the interview with Irving Horn in Potomac, Md., on January 11, 1992.
Interviewer:
Anthony Young
Classification:
sound recording
Personal Name:
Horn, Irving, 1927-
Conditions on Access:
No restrictions on access
Conditions on Use:
No restrictions on use
Finding Aid:
Transcript:
RG-50.233.0057_trs_en.pdf [English]
 
Record last modified: 2015-06-30 15:25:52

http://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn509139