Skip to main content

Oral history interview with Irving Horn


Record Type:
Oral History
Interview Summary:
Irving Horn (born Isachar Herszenhorn) was born in February, 1927 in Radom, Poland. He remembers significant antisemitism as a child. When he was seven years old the Polish government ordered the integration of schools. Irving and the only other Jewish boy at his new school were severely beaten by some of their schoolmates. Upon the outbreak of the war, Irving’s father lost his job and his brother was accused of spying and temporarily jailed. Irving attended a secret Jewish school for two years until Radom became a ghetto. Upon the liquidation of the Radom ghetto, Irving and his father volunteered to work on the Waschnik estate. Irving survived encounters with the SS, then worked in a weapons factory where he encountered Jacob Holz, a ruthless security guard against whom Irving later testified. Around July 25, 1944, Irving marched to Tomaszów because the Russians were approaching Radom. From Tomaszów, he took a train to Auschwitz. There, Irving, his father and his two brothers were chosen to do work in Vaihingen an der Enz near Stuttgart. A guard sent Irving to work on the Nazi Secretary of State’s sister-in-law’s estate for two weeks, where he received food and regained his strength. He was then sent to Camp Unterriexingen, Kochendorf, and finally to Dachau. Irving was in Tyrol at the end of the war but was taken back to Germany and almost shot into a ravine. Before the killing was to take place, the SS men changed into civilian clothes and left. Afterward, Irving ended up in a military hospital in Mittenwald due to severe hunger, and then spent several years in a displaced persons camp in Stuttgart before moving to the United States in 1948.
Date:
1992 January 11  (interview)
RG Number:
RG-50.233*0057
Accession Number:
1992.A.0125.57
Extent:
2 sound cassettes ; 90 min..
Language:
English
Provenance:
Anthony Young, of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum ID Card Project, conducted the interview with Irving Horn in Potomac, Md., on January 11, 1992.
Classification:
sound recording
Conditions on Access:
No restrictions on access
Conditions on Use:
No restrictions on use
Finding Aid:
Transcript:
RG-50.233.0057_trs_en.pdf [English]
 
Record last modified: 2014-12-01 12:23:41