Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Poster stamp commemorating the Warsaw Uprising

Object | Accession Number: 2018.233.12

Poster stamp commemorating the 1944 Warsaw Uprising. Poster stamps were collectable stamps, slightly larger than postage stamps, with designs similar to posters. Although they were not valid for postage, poster stamps could be affixed to letters and envelopes as a means for fundraising, propaganda, and educational purposes. The image on the stamp depicts the ruins of Warsaw, Poland, with Sigismund's Column, one of the most famous landmarks of the city, in the center. The monument was originally erected in 1644, and features a sculpture of Polish King Sigismund III Vasa at the top of a tall column. The column was destroyed during the Warsaw Uprising and replaced after the war. On August 1, 1944, partisan fighters from the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa, AK) initiated the Warsaw Uprising to liberate the city from German occupiers before the approaching Soviet forces arrived. Approximately 45,000 members of the AK took part, with additional assistance from other resistance movements. Only a quarter of the AK had access to weapons. The German occupiers had tanks, artillery, and air support. After the first few days, the partisans had freed several districts of the city. However, German forces gradually retook, and systematically destroyed the city. During the fighting and subsequent destruction, over 180,000 Polish civilians were killed in retaliation by German soldiers. Thousands more were deported from the city and sent to forced labor or concentration camps. During the fighting, the Soviet Red Army halted its approach at the Vistula River, and waited until the uprising was defeated before continuing their advance into Warsaw. The Warsaw uprising is commemorated annually on August 1 in Poland.

Alternate Title
Remember Warsaw
Date
publication/distribution:  1944 August
commemoration:  1944 August 01-1944 October 02
Geography
depiction: Warsaw (Poland)
Language
English
Classification
Posters
Category
War Propaganda
Object Type
Poster stamps (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Stamps.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Forrest James Robinson, Jr.
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:48:29
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn612175