Oral history interview with Zev Harel
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- Record Type:
- Oral History
- Interview Summary:
- Zev Harel (né Sarkas Herskovits), born in 1930 in Kis-Sikarlo, Transylvania, Hungary (possibly present day Cicârlău, Romania), describes how his grandfather was his hero; moving with his family to a nearby city when he was 10 years old; restrictions that were placed on Jews; spending the following four years working at forced manual labor; being sent with his family to a ghetto in 1944 and then to Auschwitz; remembering the stench of burning bodies; surviving the selection process by lying about his age; being sent to Mauthausen after a few days and then Ebensee; working in a quarry and also building an underground factory for military equipment; his daily routine in the camp and getting through each day; the liberation of Ebensee by American soldiers on May 5, 1945; suffering from Typhoid and collapsing in a ditch, but being picked up by an African-American soldier who drove him to a hospital in Linz, Austria; returning home and reuniting with his brother; going to a displaced persons camp in Germany; joining the Palestine Jewish Brigade and moving to Israel; fighting in the Israeli War of Independence; finishing his studies in Israel and the United States; getting married; earning his doctorate; and settling in Cleveland, OH.
2005 April 12
- RG Number:
- Accession Number:
1 DVD : MPEG-4.
- The interview was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2014 from Louise K. Freilich, on behalf of Congregation Shaarey Tikvah, Beachwood, Ohio.
- Legal Status:
- Permanent Collection
- Corporate Name:
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Ebensee (Concentration camp)
Mauthausen (Concentration camp)
- Geographic Name:
- Personal Name:
Harel, Zev, 1930-
- Topical Term:
African American soldiers.
Concentration camp inmates--Medical care--Austria.
Concentration camp inmates--Selection process--Poland.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Romania--Personal narratives.
Holocaust survivors--United States.
Israel-Arab War, 1948-1949.
Jewish children in the Holocaust--Romania.
Jews--Legal status, laws, etc.--Hungary.
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation.
World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor--Romania.
- Conditions on Access:
- No restrictions on access
- Conditions on Use:
- No restrictions on use
- Credit Line:
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Congregation Shaarey Tikvah, Beachwood, Ohio www.shaareytikvah.org
Record last modified: 2016-03-12 03:39:45