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Oral history interview with Aleksandr Bordyukov

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.445.36 | RG Number: RG-50.653.0036

Aleksandr Bordyukov, born in 1928 in Velizh, Russia, discusses the large Jewish population in Velizh before the war; the restrictions on Jews; living in a Jewish-Russian neighborhood; the relations between Jews and non-Jews; the nine synagogues in Velizh; how mixed marriages were normal; how Jews were craftsmen (shoemakers, tailors, watchmakers), musicians, and tradesmen; his Jewish classmates, including Klara Lesina, Isaak Moiseyev, and Vera Sokolova; the bombing at the beginning of the war; the Jewish families who fled or stayed; the suicides of some local Jews; Jews being forced to do labor; the creation of a ghetto on Zhgutovskogo Street; the local police, including Filatov, Kiriyenok, Sychyov; how almost none of his classmates died in the ghetto; the shooting execution of 150 Jewish men from Velizh and Surazh in October 1941 in Kurmeli village and witnessing it from a nearby field; seeing the ghetto being burnt during the night of January 28, 1942 and the killing of 700-800 Jews; leaving town the next day because his street was on fire; returning to Velizh in 1943 after the town was liberated; Russian people settling in Jewish houses; people being hanged for their connections to the partisans; the lack of Jews in Velizh after the war; and helping to raise money in the 1960s for a memorial to the ghetto victims.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Aleksandr Bordyukov
interview:  2014 July 18
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-02-26 07:14:38
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