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Three children pose outside the Josef Karliner grocery store.

Three children pose outside the Josef Karliner grocery store.

[Pictured are probably Herbert, Walter and Ilse Karliner, the children of the store owner.]
Photograph # 28472
Caption Three children pose outside the Josef Karliner grocery store.

[Pictured are probably Herbert, Walter and Ilse Karliner, the children of the store owner.]
Biography Herbert Karliner is the son of Joseph and Martha (Weissler) Karliner. He was born in Peiskretscham (Silesia), Germany on September 3, 1926. Herbert had three siblings: an older sister, Ilse (b. 1923), an older brother, Walter (b. 1924), and a younger sister, Ruth (b. 1927). The family owned a grocery store, which Martha managed much of the time while Joseph was engaged in the horse trade. On Kristallnacht the store was destroyed and Joseph was sent to Buchenwald. He was released two months later after Martha secured a visa for him to travel to Shanghai. Since the visa was for Joseph alone, the family sought other means to emigrate. The Karliners booked passage on the MS St. Louis to Cuba. When the ship was forced to return to Europe in June 1939, the Karliners were given refuge in France. Walter and his two younger siblings, Herbert and Ruth, were placed in an OSE children's home near Paris called the Villa Helvetia, where they remained until September. After the outbreak of the world war, the children were removed to the Chaumont home in Creuse. There, Walter worked for a cabinet maker and Herbert, for a baker. Ruth returned to her parents and older sister in Mirebeau. In 1941 Walter moved from Chaumont to Montintin, another OSE home, where he would be able to study cabinetry. On August 26, 1942, French gendarmes conducted a raid on Chaumont and arrested all children over the age of sixteen including Herbert. He was released after proving that he was in fact, a week shy of his sixteenth birthday. However rather than return to the home, the OSE transferred him to the Masgelier children's home where he remained for the next half year. In February 1943, fearing an anticipated raid, Herbert and a friend, Julien Bluchstein, fled south. They hoped to meet up with Walter but he was no longer in Montintin, so the two continued south towards the Spanish border. However when they neared the border, members of the underground told them they could no longer safely cross and directed them to go to Lyon and await directions how to cross into Switzerland. From Lyon they went to Annemasse and learned that it was impossible to cross into Switzerland. Instead they went to a farm in Tayulers run by religious Zionist members of the Eclaireurs Israelites. Since the farm already had too many refugees, the boys were then sent to Treves where they lived in safely until their liberation in 1944. After liberation, Herbert lived in a number of OSE homes including Masgelier, Poulouzat and Rue Rollin. Walter spent the last two years of the war in many settings, including a mental asylum in Narbonne and a farm in Castelsarrasin. In 1943 or 1944 the Eclaireurs Israelites de France underground sent Walter to Saint Junien [Haute Vienne] to live at a home for boys run by the Vichy paramilitary youth movement, Moissons Nouvelles. After the liberation Herbert and Walter reunited in Paris. They were the only survivors of their family. Their mother and sisters had been deported to Auschwitz via Drancy in October 1942; their father met a similar fate a year later. The brothers went to live at the Hotel du Moulin, a home for boys run by the Eclaireurs Israelites in Moissac, where Walter worked as an instructor in cabinetry. In December 1946 the two brothers immigrated to the United States.
Date Circa 1925 - 1933
Locale Peiskretscham, [Silesia] Germany
Designation LIFE BEFORE THE HOLOCAUST -- Germany (pre-1933) -- Economic Life/Daily Life
Keywords BUSINESSES (JEWISH)
CHILDREN (4-12 YEARS)
CHILDREN/YOUTH
EXTERIORS
KARLINER FAMILY (ST. LOUIS)
Photo Source United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Provenance: Herbert & Vera Karliner
Photo Credit United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Herbert & Vera Karliner
Record Type Photograph
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  Record last modified: 2007-05-22 00:00:00
 
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