The Transnistria's ethnic Germans and the Holocaust, 1941-1942 / Eric Conrad Steinhart
Includes bibliographical references (p. 97-103)
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In the eyes of Nazi Germany, the ethnic Germans or die Volksdeutschen---people of German ancestry who lived beyond the prewar borders of the German state---inhabited an ambiguous racial territory. Because the SS alone controlled the ethnic German settlements in the Transnistria, a region that encompasses much of present-day Moldova and western Ukraine, it was able to enact radical policies that constricted the decision-making space in which ethnic Germans chose to become Holocaust perpetrators. In contrast to their endangered position under Soviet rule, those ethnic Germans who supported the Transnistria's new Nazi order received material rewards from their SS overlords. But those ethnic Germans whom the SS found politically and racially objectionable felt the regime's unrestrained brutality. Using both German and Soviet sources, this thesis examines the relationship between this exceptional context and the crimes of the Transnistria's ethnic German auxiliary police during the winter of 1941--42.
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