Disenchantment of modernity in the works of Gustavo Martin Garzo / by Marie Therese Basiricò-Brasile.
The novels by Gustavo Martin Garzo discussed in this dissertation ( Ña y Bel, Las historias de Marta y Fernando, La soñadora, and El pequeño heredero) evidence the failure of modernity as it is manifested in the lives of anamnetic characters disenchanted by circumstances created by modern figures. All of these characters are deemed victims in search of some form of escape from their existential life because they were humiliated, offended or abandoned. The traumatizing events that shape the psychological demeanor of these characters offer the basis for applying various thoughts in relation to the notion of anamnesis as Hannah Arendt in her works such as The Origins of Totalitarianism, Between Past and Future, and The Human Condition discuss the value of the anamnetic figure's provoking memory as a potential deterrence for future traumatic events. Anamnesis can be related to the term disenchantment because of the anamnetic figure's fundamental desperation. Disenchantment in relation to modernity is discussed in relation to the works of Max Weber such as The Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism and Science as a Vocation where disenchantment existentially has to do with the loss of illusions and comforting myths which science and intellectualization cannot replace. Modernity destroys this comforting authority of magic and myth as it constructs infrastructure and inoculates communities from their enchanting condition. This individualized approach that modern individuals are caught up in which is driven by rationalization and calculation is the reason for the anamnetic population created throughout modern history such as the World War II Holocaust Jews.Modernity, for writers such as Miguel de Unamuno and José Jiménez Lozano, has also succumbed to failure predominantly because of modern man's incapability to end prevalent human cruelty throughout the modern world. The disenchanted characters by modern figures within the four novels discussed by Gustavo Martín Garzo intertextually follow in the footsteps of characters found in the various works of Unamuno and Lozano as their writings can be considered precursors to those of Garzo. It is by means of these disenchanted figures in the works of Garzo that a glimpse of the verisimilar world takes place. The plight of the disenchanted within modernity's realm seeks to put an end to the future creation of their kind so as to sustain a world where victimization, marginalization, disinterestedness and cruelty towards all members of the human family will cease.
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