The moral dilemmas of leadership : the case of German General Johannes Blaskowitz / Richard J. Giziowski.
This dissertation is a biographical study of Johannes Blaskowitz (1883-1948) through May, 1940, with emphasis upon the formative factors in his life such as family, religion, education, military training and his experiences during his youth and early manhood. Blaskowitz's years at Koeslin Cadet Academy and at the Central Cadet Academy in Berlin, Gross Lichterfelde, receive substantial attention, as does his early General Staff Corps training at the Kriegsakademie. His marriage and the beginning of his family is reviewed. Blaskowitz's experiences during World War I, especially those on the Western Front as a combat officer in 1914-1915 and his 1918 experiences in France, are related in detail. The years of the Weimar Republic and simultaneously of Blaskowitz's maturation are reviewed. His role in the German Army during the Nazi peace years from 1933-1939 is examined, as is his relationship with Hitler throughout the 1930's. The occupation of Czechoslovakia on March 15, 1939, is examined in detail since Blaskowitz was the general who took over Prague. He then became Military Governor of Bohemia for a short time. Blaskowitz commanded Eighth Army during the September campaign in Poland in 1939 and accepted the surrender of Warsaw. He was thereafter appointed Oberost--Commander-in-Chief-East--with strictly military responsibilities. The atrocities against the Poles and Jews by the SS and Hans Frank's administration was a moral outrage to Blaskowitz, who was in a position to protest the atrocities to Hitler and the Army High Command. He protested repeatedly until removed from command in May, 1940. A teaching experiment involving Blaskowitz's moral dilemma about protesting the atrocities makes up the final chapter. Materials utilized are included as well as an analysis of the results of the experiment and a review of the literature on the use of moral dilemmas in teaching.
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