In the cervix of the nation : women in French fascism, 1919-1939 / by Daniella Sarnoff.
This dissertation analyzes the role of women in the French fascist leagues of the 1920s and 1930s, as well as the function of women, gender, and the family within French fascist ideology. The study, which focuses on the Jeunesses Patriotes, Le Faisceau, La Solidarité Française, Le Francisme and the Croix de Feu/Parti Social Français, illustrates the extent to which women were important in interwar French fascist movements, as agents within the leagues and subjects of discussion by the leagues. Further, this dissertation argues that women and gender were central to the fascist conceptualization of the French nation.All of the interwar leagues had female members and were interested in recruiting French women to their ranks: they went about this in different ways and with varying results. One reason that fascist groups were so interested in female members was because of their particular conception of the nature and foundation of the nation. To the leagues the nation was, or should be, based on the family, the domestic sphere. And, to the groups, women were representative of the family and domesticity. Further, the leagues yearned for the regeneration of France—morally, politically, numerically and economically—and believed that the women of France would and could be the source for national regeneration.Through an examination of league structure, domestic ideology, suffrage discussions, and women's labor this dissertation shows the extent of female involvement in the French fascist leagues of the interwar years and illustrates the central role that women and gender ideology played within the fascist project.
Record last modified: 2018-04-24 16:01:00
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