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William F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-693) interviewed by Phyllis O. Ziman Tobin and Miriam Forman and interpreted by Brenda Marshall,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-693

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of William F., who was born deaf in a small town near Sátoraljaújhely, Hungary, in 1910. Mr. F. describes his childhood in a large family (two brothers were also deaf); learning from his father to read Hebrew for his bar mitzvah; being self-taught because he lacked a formal education; becoming a leatherworker; his pride at living independently in Budapest at age eighteen; growing antisemitism; fleeing to Czechoslovakia in late 1937; courtship and marriage; and establishing a business in Piešt̕any. He recalls a Christian maid who helped him and his wife avoid deportation in 1940; escaping to Romania and then Yugoslavia; boarding a ship with 1200 Jews fleeing to Palestine; being shipwrecked on an uncharted Aegean island; rescue by an Italian ship; detention in camps on Rhodes and another island; surviving a bomb attack; liberation; and an army captain who helped him and his wife travel to America in 1944. He relates internment in Oswego; learning of the loss in Europe of nearly all his family; a wealthy Hungarian immigrant who helped them remain in America after the war; reunion with his sole surviving sister in Israel in 1963; his second marriage; moving to Israel in 1972; and returning to America after the Yom Kippur War of 1973.
    Author/Creator
    F., William, 1910-
    Published
    New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1986
    Interview Date
    April 13, 1986.
    Locale
    Hungary
    Sátoraljaújhely (Hungary)
    Piešt̕any (Slovakia)
    Oswego (N.Y.)
    Budapest (Hungary)
    Palestine
    Israel
    Rhodes (Greece)
    Cite As
    William F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-693). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Marshall, Brenda, interpreter.
    Tobin, Phyllis O. Ziman, interviewer.
    Forman, Miriam, interviewer.
    Notes
    The interview was conducted in American sign language and interpreted into spoken English.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Copies
    3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 58 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Postwar experiences.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/1001176
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:24:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt1001176

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