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Guta T. Holocaust testimony (HVT-955) interviewed by Pam Goodman and Bonnie Dwork

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-955

Videotape testimony of Guta T., who was born in Starachowice-Wierzbnik, Poland in 1919. She recalls prewar visits of high German officials; German invasion in 1939; fleeing the city; returning since Germans were everywhere; ghettoization which included Jews from surrounding areas; encouraging others to care for orphans; her daughter's birth in September 1942 assisted by a non-Jewish doctor; giving her daughter to a Ukrainian women who was fleeing to the Soviet zone (she never saw her again); and work in an ammunition factory in Starachowice from October 1942 to July 1944. Mrs. T. recounts a camp commander saving her family; her sister and father becoming ill with typhus (he died); transfer to Auschwitz; her cousin's murder while escaping; her husband's efforts to dissuade people from suicide; the importance of being with her sister and friends; the emotional parting from her husband upon transfer to Bergen-Belsen in October 1944; Josef Kramer, former commander of Auschwitz, taking charge in December 1944; atrocities committed by Irma Grese; and liberation by British troops. She describes conflicts between the British occupiers and the former prisoners; Josef Rosensaft's and General Montgomery's roles; and reunion with her husband.

Author/Creator
T., Guta, 1919-
Published
New York, N.Y. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1987
Interview Date
November 9, 1987.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Guta T. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-955). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.