Fred B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-664) interviewed by Jeffrey S. Winter
- Des Moines, Iowa : Des Moines Holocaust Survivors Project, 1985
- Interview Date
- November 19, 1985.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Fred B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-664). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Fred B., who was born in Łódź, Poland in 1909. One of nine children, he recalls his father owned a tailor shop which employed twenty-two workers; attending school; learning tailoring from his father; antisemitism; marriage at age twenty-seven; enlisting in the Polish army reserves; and the German invasion. Mr. B. recounts ghettoization; forced labor assembling army uniforms; the round-up of elderly and children, including his two-year-old son; learning they had all been gassed; receiving food and information from a German officer they had known before the war; deportation to Auschwitz; being brutally beaten by guards; transfer three days later to Kaufering, then Dachau and Kempten; camp conditions including cruel kapos, beatings and murders; and libration by American troops from a death march. He describes learning of his wife's death; returning to Łódź; reunion with a brother and a sister; fleeing to Germany; working for a United States agency; and emigration to the United States in 1949.