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Leon M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-962) interviewed by Susanna Neuman and Jane Eger,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-962

Videotape testimony of Leon M., who was born in Ciechanowiec, Poland in 1924. He recalls moving to Brańsk when he was nine; anti-Semitic incidents in public school; moving to Białystok in 1937; apprenticing as a tailor; Soviet occupation; German invasion; a German officer who told him to "get out" of a round-up area; murders of Jewish hostages; ghettoization; transport with his family to Pruz︠h︡any in October 1941 and Białowieża in April 1942; forced labor; frequent killings; and transport to Auschwitz in January 1943. Mr. M. recounts his parents' last words to him; sorting the possessions and hair of those murdered in the gas chambers; trading valuables he found for food; death marches and transport to Gross Rosen, Dachau, Mühldorf and another camp; receiving food from a German farmer; and liberation. He describes living in Landsberg and Rosenheim displaced persons camps; farm training on a kibbutz in Bavaria; marriage; and emigration to the United States in 1949. He notes he is the only survivor of a family of seventy-two; the difficulty of raising children with no extended family; and his distress describing what he witnessed.

M., Leon, 1924-
New York, N.Y. : Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies at Yale, 1987
Interview Date
November 22, 1987.
Ciechanowiec (Poland)
Brańsk (Poland)
Białystok (Poland)
Pruz︠h︡any (Belarus)
Białowieża (Województwo Podlaskie, Poland)
3 copies: 3/4 in. master; 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leon M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-962). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.