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Lewis S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1563) interviewed by Sonia Simons and Sarah Hirschfield

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1563

Videotape testimony of Lewis S., who was born in Horst, Germany in 1921. He recalls his family had lived in that town hundreds of years; leaving school in 1935 because of antisemitism; a painter's apprenticeship from 1936 to 1938; Kristallnacht; his parents sending his two younger sisters on a Kindertransport to Holland; and deportation with his parents to the Rīga ghetto in January 1942. Mr. S. recounts forced labor for Organisation Todt and the SS; working outside the ghetto; smuggling food for his parents; meeting his future wife; transfer with his father to Stutthof, then Buchenwald; encountering British and American prisoners of war there; volunteering to transfer to Bochum, near Horst; working in a Krupp munitions factory; a German worker who helped them contact a friend and plan their escape; escape in March 1944; hiding with their friend, then with the friend's brother in Essen; and liberation in April 1945. He describes locating his sisters; learning his mother had died three weeks after liberation; and marriage in 1945. Mr. S. details life in the ghetto and concentration camps; notes the importance of luck to his survival; and tells of testifying at a war crime trial in Düsseldorf.

Author/Creator
S., Lewis, 1921-
Published
Mahwah, N.J. : Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 1990
Interview Date
December 3, 1990.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Lewis S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1563). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/1094365
Record last modified: 2015-06-16 14:07:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt1094365