Samuel M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-431) interviewed by Vera Dunn and Ora Band
- Los Angeles, Calif. : UCLA Holocaust Documentation Archives, 1983
- Interview Date
- October 15, 1983.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS time coding.
- Cite As
- Samuel M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-431). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Samuel M., who was twelve when World War II began . He recalls being confined in a Christian orphanage prior to the war for illegally riding the streetcars; transfer to a Jewish orphanage after ghettoization in 1941; learning of his mother's death from his father; living with Jewish foster parents; smuggling food into the ghetto; escaping to Małkinia in August 1942 with his foster mother and her younger son; hiding in the forest; living in the Łomża ghetto; returning to Warsaw after his foster mother and her son were arrested; obtaining false papers with assistance from a Polish friend; traveling to avoid staying in one place; arrest in 1943; transfer as a non-Jewish slave laborer to Berlin; an unsuccessful attempt to flee to Poland; and working as a non-Jewish slave laborer until liberation. Mr. M. describes returning to Warsaw; joining the Polish army; learning of refugee camps in Germany; stealing an identification card from a German soldier; and traveling to Germany. He discusses his psychological scars and difficulty coping with his memories.