Toni R. and Emilia S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-447) interviewed by Vera Dunn and Florabel Kinsler
- Los Angeles, Calif. : UCLA Holocaust Documentation Archives, 1984
- Interview Date
- January 29, 1984.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Toni R. and Emilia S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-447). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Emilia S. and her daughter Toni R., who was born in Stryĭ, Ukraine in 1940. Emilia S. recalls marriage in 1939; Soviet occupation; her daughter's birth in 1940; German invasion in 1941; round-ups and killings; teaching her daughter to identify herself as a Catholic; obtaining false papers for her daughter; arranging with a non-Jewish woman to take her daughter to a priest; hiding with her husband in a bunker, with assistance from a Polish couple, for over two years; liberation by Soviet troops in 1944; moving to Sanok; her husband's difficulties getting their daughter back from the foster mother, who refused to give her up; reunion with her daughter; living in Kraków; leaving Poland due to antisemitism; living in the Badgastein displaced persons camp; joining her husband in Berlin; her sons's birth; visiting her brothers in Israel in 1950; and emigrating with her family to the United States. Mrs. R. describes childhood memories of a sense of abandonment; confusion about her identity; reunion with her parents; fearing that her parents might abandon her again; learning stories of her parents' friends and relatives; comparing them with her experiences; and developing her own sense of identity.