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Pola M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-555)

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-555

Videotape testimony of Pola M., who was raised in S̆iauliai, Lithuania. She recalls the rich, cultural Jewish life; attending Hebrew school; Soviet occupation; German invasion; anti-Jewish measures; learning of mass killings; her father's arrest and deportation (they never saw him again); ghettoization; forced labor at airfields, then in the Radvilis̆kis and Baciunai labor camps; feelings of helplessness after a public hanging in June 1943, which the Jewish Council tried to prevent but had to carry out; transformation of the ghetto into a concentration camp in September; the "children's action" on November 5; and deportation with her family to Stutthof via Pavenciai in July 1944. Mrs. M. describes separation from her brother and grandmother (she never saw them again); transfer to several camps with her mother and two aunts; disappearance of German guards during a death march; returning to S̆iauliai; fleeing to Germany after learning that her father and brother had not survived; and emigrating to the United States with her mother. Mrs. M. discusses the importance to her survival of being with her mother and aunts, and sharing these experiences with her children.

Author/Creator
M., Pola.
Published
Wilmette, Ill. : Holocaust Education Foundation, 1983
Interview Date
October 30, 1983.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
P0la M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-555). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.