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Irene F. Holocaust testimony (HVT-4469) interviewed by Joanne Weiner Rudof and Susan Millen

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-4469

Videotape testimony of Irene F., who was born in Satu Mare, Romania in 1925, the oldest of eight children. She recalls her grandfather's large successful farm, that he divided among his children, including her family; attending school; Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish laws preventing her entry to high school; ghettoization in 1944; deportation shortly thereafter to Auschwitz; separation with her sister and six cousins from their families; a public hanging; transfer six weeks later to Gelsenkirchen; slave labor clearing bombing rubble; transfer after three months to a camp where they were assigned to a Krupp factory; a death march after seven months; refusing to allow her sister to stop in order to keep her from being shot; disappearance of the guards in Brno after six weeks; receiving food from United States troops; traveling to Bratislava, then returning home with her sister and cousins; avoiding Soviet troops who were looking for women; four male relatives returning; learning the rest of her immediate family had all been killed; her sister's marriage to a cousin; moving to a displaced persons camp near Munich; emigration to the United States in 1946; her sister's arrival in 1949; marriage to a Polish survivor; and the births of two daughters. Ms. F. dicusses attributing her survival to being with her sisters and cousins. She shows photographs and reads her poetry.

Author/Creator
F., Irene, 1925-
Published
New Haven, Conn. : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 2014
Interview Date
November 3, 2014.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: DVCam master; Betacam SP submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Irene F. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-4469). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.