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Oscar E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-770) interviewed by Stephen Shanfield and Ted Zinnreich,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-770

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Oscar E., who was born in Košice, Czechoslovakia in 1930. In unusual detail, he describes his maternal grandfather's and other relatives' emigration to the United States; Hungarian occupation; antisemitic restrictions; moving to Bardejov in 1938; deportations in 1942; being smuggled with his sister to Budapest; their mother briefly joining them; her deportation (he never saw either of his parents again); living with families in Székesfehérvár, Győr, in a village with his aunt, then in Pribeta; being rounded-up in Nové Zámky in May 1944; deportation with his sister, aunt, and cousin to Auschwitz/Birkenau; remaining with his cousin; his privileged position as a runner for the barrack supervisor; sharing extra food with his cousin and friends; selection for a nearby labor camp; public hanging of escapees; hospitalization; transport to Mauthausen in December; Allied reconnaissance planes providing them with hope; a death march to Gunskirchen in March; his cousin's death; escaping in May; encountering United States troops; living in Wels; assistance from the Joint; contacting his grandfather in the U.S.; living in an orphanage in Bratislava; assistance from UNRRA; joining his sister in Erding, Germany; and their emigration to the United States in May 1946. Mr. E. discusses pervasive, vivid memories of death all around.
    Author/Creator
    E., Oscar, 1930-
    Published
    San Antonio, Tex. : Children of the Holocaust-Second Generation of San Antonio, 1986
    Interview Date
    July 20, 1986.
    Locale
    Slovakia
    Czechoslovakia
    Košice (Slovakia)
    Bardejov (Slovakia)
    Budapest (Hungary)
    Székesfehérvár (Hungary)
    Győr (Hungary)
    Pribeta (Slovakia)
    Nové Zámky (Slovakia)
    Wels (Austria)
    Erding (Germany)
    Cite As
    Oscar E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-770). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Shanfield, Stephen, interviewer.
    Zinnreich, Ted, interviewer.
    Notes
    Additional written documents are available in the repository.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 4 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Hungarian occupation.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Hiding.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Hospitals in concentration camps.
    Postwar experiences.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jews--Migrations. Refugees, Jewish. Brothers and sisters. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Forced labor. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Concentration camp inmates--Family relationships. Death marches. Escapes. Orphanages--Slovakia. Czechoslovakia. Košice (Slovakia) Bardejov (Slovakia) Budapest (Hungary) Székesfehérvár (Hungary) Győr (Hungary) Pribeta (Slovakia) Nové Zámky (Slovakia) Wels (Austria) Erding (Germany) Oral histories (document genres) E., Oscar,--1930- Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Birkenau (Concentration camp) Mauthausen (Concentration camp) Gunskirchen (Concentration camp) American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4282368
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:28:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4282368

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