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Shlomo P. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1064) interviewed by Dina Choshen and Raya Adler,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1064

Videotape testimony of Shlomo P., who was born in Peine, Germany in 1925. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews until 1933; expulsion from school after the Nuremberg laws; the family's move to Łódź in 1936; German invasion; fleeing to the Soviet Union with one brother; their separation; placement in an orphanage in Hrodna; draft into the Soviet military; capture by Germans in 1941; identifying himself as a Volksdeutsche while waiting in line to be shot in a mass killing; working as a translator/interrogator for the German 12th Armored Division; interrogating Stalin's son, Iakob Juġas̆vili; advancing toward Moscow, then Leningrad; sexual assault by an officer; friendship with him; revealing he was Jewish; the officer saving his life during the siege of Leningrad; the officers's death at Schlisselʹburg; transfer from Tallinn to Berlin, then a Hitler-Jugend school in Braunschweig; a parade in his honor; antisemitic Nazi propaganda in the curricula; constant fear of discovery; supportive friendship with a friend's mother, whom he told he was Jewish; visiting the Łódź ghetto on vacation in 1943, hoping to see his family (he did not); military conscription in 1944; liberation by United States troops; returning to Braunschweig; ending his double life; and reunion with his brothers. Mr. P. discusses his identity confusion and conflicted loyalty while posing as a German and recurrent nightmares.

P., Shlomo, 1925-
Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1984
Interview Date
June 1, 1984.
Soviet Union
Peine (Germany)
Braunschweig (Germany)
Hrodna (Belarus)
Shlisselʹburg (Russia)
Berlin (Germany)
Łódź (Poland)
Saint Petersburg (Russia)
Tallinn (Estonia)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Shlomo P. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1064). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-05-30 11:40:00
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