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Shlomo P. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1064) interviewed by Dina Choshen and Raya Adler,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1064

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    Videotape testimony of Shlomo P., who was born in Peine, Germany in 1925. He recalls cordial relations with non-Jews until 1933; expulsion from school after the Nuremberg laws; the family's move to Łódź in 1936; German invasion; fleeing to the Soviet Union with one brother; their separation; placement in an orphanage in Hrodna; draft into the Soviet military; capture by Germans in 1941; identifying himself as a Volksdeutsche while waiting in line to be shot in a mass killing; working as a translator/interrogator for the German 12th Armored Division; interrogating Stalin's son, Iakob Juġas̆vili; advancing toward Moscow, then Leningrad; sexual assault by an officer; friendship with him; revealing he was Jewish; the officer saving his life during the siege of Leningrad; the officers's death at Schlisselʹburg; transfer from Tallinn to Berlin, then a Hitler-Jugend school in Braunschweig; a parade in his honor; antisemitic Nazi propaganda in the curricula; constant fear of discovery; supportive friendship with a friend's mother, whom he told he was Jewish; visiting the Łódź ghetto on vacation in 1943, hoping to see his family (he did not); military conscription in 1944; liberation by United States troops; returning to Braunschweig; ending his double life; and reunion with his brothers. Mr. P. discusses his identity confusion and conflicted loyalty while posing as a German and recurrent nightmares.
    P., Shlomo, 1925-
    Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1984
    Interview Date
    June 1, 1984.
    Soviet Union
    Peine (Germany)
    Braunschweig (Germany)
    Hrodna (Belarus)
    Shlisselʹburg (Russia)
    Berlin (Germany)
    Łódź (Poland)
    Saint Petersburg (Russia)
    Tallinn (Estonia)
    Cite As
    Shlomo P. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1064). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Choshen, Dina, interviewer.
    Adler, Raya, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Related publication: Europa, Europa / Solomon Perel ; translated from the German by Margot Bettauer Dembo. -- New York : Wiley in association with the United States Holocaust Museum, c1997.
    Related publication: Europa, Europa / Films du losange, CCC Filmkunst Gmbh, Perspektywa Film Unit ; director and screenwriter, Agnieszka Holland ; producers, Artur Brauner and Margaret Menegoz. -- France : Films du losange, c1990 ; Germany : Jugendfilm, c1991.
    Related publication: Europa, Europa [videorecording] / a film by Agnieszka Holland ; produced by Artur Brauner/CCC Filmkunst GMBH Margaret Menegoz/Les Films du Losange. -- New York : Orion Home Video ; distributed by Image Entertainment, c1992.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (3 hrs., 39 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Mass killings.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Child survivors.
    Postwar effects.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Nuremberg laws.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Identity (Philosophical concept) Sexual harassment. Nazi propaganda. Nightmares. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Psychological aspects. Jews--Poland--Łódź. Jewish ghettos. Orphanages--Soviet Union. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, German. World War, 1939-1945--Children. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Soviet. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish. Impostors and imposture. Citizenship--Germany. Jews--Legal status, laws, etc.--Germany. Germany. Peine (Germany) Braunschweig (Germany) Hrodna (Belarus) Shlisselʹburg (Russia) Berlin (Germany) Łódź (Poland) Saint Petersburg (Russia)--History--Siege, 1941-1944. Tallinn (Estonia) Oral histories (document genres) P., Shlomo,--1925- Juġašvili, Iakob,--1907-1943. Hitler-Jugend.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:40:00
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