Josip E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1324) interviewed by Jaša Almuli
- Belgrade, Serbia : Jewish Community in Belgrade, 1989
- Interview Date
- December 15, 1989.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Josip E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1324). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Josip E., who was born in Yugoslavia in 1927. He recalls they were one of three families in a small village; attending high school in Osijek; returning home in 1941 when Croatia allied itself with Germany; his father's deportation; the Jewish community arranging for him to live with a Jewish family in Osijek when all Jews were deported, including his mother; moving to a relative in Slavonska Požega; arrest by the Ustaša; deportation to Stara Gradiška; slave labor; a cousin sharing bread; random killings; a public execution; transfer to Jasenovac; encountering an uncle who gave him extra food until he was killed in December 1944; mass killings with knives by the Ustaša; a revolt led by a communist prisoner in April 1945; his escape (almost everyone else was killed); hiding with assistance from local Serbs; hospitalization; joining the Yugoslav army; his career; marriage in 1950; and the births of two daughters. Mr. E. discusses details of camp life including inter-group relations; no one from his family of over one hundred surviving in Yugoslavia; nightmares and health problems resulting from the camps; and destruction of Jewish life in Croatia by the Ustaša.