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Ivan I. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1325) interviewed by Jaša Almuli,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1325

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Ivan I., who was born in Zrenjanin, Yugoslavia (presently Serbia) in 1929. He recounts cordial relations in an ethnically and religiously diverse community; his family's conversion to Christianity; their German affinity (his parents and grandfather attended German medical schools); his father's military service; German invasion in April 1941; his paternal grandparents' suicide; his aunt from Hungarian-occupied Novi Sad bringing him and his sister to live with her (he never saw his parents again); attending gymnasium using his baptismal papers; a massacre of Jews and Serbs in January 1942; German occupation in spring 1944; deportation to the Subotica ghetto, Baja, then Auschwitz in May; being told of the crematoria, but not believing it; transfer to Buchenwald about a week later; “losing” his yellow triangle (the Jewish badge), and replacing it with a red triangle (political prisoner); transfer to Magdeburg after ten days; slave labor in a Brabag factory; becoming weak and losing his will to live; transfer back to Buchenwald in September as unfit to work; a Yugoslav prisoner official arranging his transfer in October to Niederorschel where conditions were better; slave labor in an airplane factory; friendship with H. G. Adler and a French physician; an SS officer assisting them (the doctor testified for him after the war); transfer with Adler to Langenstein in February; Adler's privileged position as a secretary; Adler sharing food he received from guards and officials for whom he wrote poems; hiding during the evacuation in April; liberation by United States troops; and returning home in September. Mr. I. discusses camp jargon and hierarchies; moral questions involving survival; the influence of postwar images on memory; continuing friendships from the camps; and discovering an error in his International Tracing Service records in Arolsen.
    Author/Creator
    I., Ivan, 1929-
    Published
    Belgrade, Serbia : Jewish Community in Belgrade, 1989
    Interview Date
    December 10, 1989.
    Locale
    Serbia
    Subotica (Subotica)
    Yugoslavia
    Zrenjanin (Serbia)
    Novi Sad (Serbia)
    Cite As
    Ivan I. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1325). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Almuli, Jaša, interviewer.
    Notes
    This testimony is in Serbian.
    Related material: Ildi I. Holocaust testimony [sister] (HVT-1326), Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.

    Physical Details

    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 9 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Hungarian occupation.
    Mass killings.
    Mutual aid.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Postwar experiences.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4283740
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:58:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4283740

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