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Ernest S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1549) interviewed by Larry Steinfeld and Lidya Osadchey

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1549

Videotape testimony of Ernest S., who was born in Gherla, Romania in 1925, the youngest of five children. He recounts his family moving to Cluj in 1932; one brother's emigration to Palestine; Hungarian occupation; working on the family dairy farm; German occupation in spring 1944; ghettoization; deportation with his parents and two siblings to Auschwitz; separation from his family upon arrival (he never saw them again); assignment to the Zigeunerlager (Gypsy Lager), then transfer to another barrack; learning of the gas chambers; transfer two weeks later to Hirschberg; slave labor in Phrix Werke and Askania Werke factories; a German soldier giving him extra food; clandestinely praying with other prisoners on Rosh ha-Shanah; a kapo pretending to beat him in order to protect him from a real beating; praying in gratitude; a severe beating resulting in a permanent disability; a death march; others helping him because he was barefoot; train transfer to Buchenwald; prisoners killing a brutal kapo from Hirschberg; hospitalization; liberation; assistance from the Red Cross; traveling to Italy, intending to join his brother in Palestine; learning another brother was in Gherla; and joining him there until emigrating in 1950. Mr. S. discusses relationships between national groups of camp prisoners and the prisoner hierarchy; and visiting his grandparents' graves in Romania in 1975 and Buchenwald in 1989. He shows documents and photographs.

Author/Creator
S., Ernest, 1925-
Published
Houston, Tex. : Holocaust Education Center and Memorial Museum of Houston, 1990
Interview Date
November 23, 1990.
Language
English
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Ernest S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1549). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4283968
Record last modified: 2016-03-28 11:12:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4283968