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Rafi B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1818) interviewed by Amit Dobkin and Dina Choshen,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1818

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    Videotape testimony of Rafi B., who was born in Cluj, Romania in 1920, the youngest of three children. He recounts his father's death when he was three; moving to Timișoara; attending a Romanian school; speaking German, French, Hungarian, and Romanian; moving to Bratislava; active participation in Hashomer Hatzair beginning in 1933; working for his aunt as a photographer; being sent to Prague in 1938 by Hashomer Hatzair to organize there; his brother's emigration to London; working for Hechalutz and continuing as a photographer; changing his name to a non-Jewish one; obtaining false papers for himself and his mother (he lived with her); moving to Trenčianské Teplice, then to Budapest to organize rescue networks and illegal emigration to Palestine; borrowing United States identity documents that he used for the duration of the war; his mother joining him in Budapest; his son's birth in July 1945; representing the Zionist organization of Hungary in London; obtaining false papers in Prague for illegal emigration to Palestine; living on a kibbutz; his appointments as Israeli ambassador to several countries; and returning to the kibbutz. Mr. B. discusses his strong Zionist commitment; always working as part of an organization during the war; and ease in posing as a non-Jew due to his appearance and not having been circumcised.
    B., Rafi, 1920-
    Ramat Aviv, Israel : Beth Hatefutsoth, Nahum Goldman Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, 1986
    Interview Date
    April 8, 1986.
    Cluj-Napoca (Romania)
    Timiṣoara (Romania)
    Bratislava (Slovakia)
    Trenčianské Teplice (Slovakia)
    Budapest (Hungary)
    Prague (Czech Republic)
    Cite As
    Rafi B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1816). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Dobkin, Amit, interviewer.
    Chosen, Dina, interviewer.
    This testimony is in Hebrew.
    Related publication: We struggled for life : the Hungarian Zionist youth resistance during the Nazi Era / Rafi Benshalom. -- Jerusalem ; Hewlett, N.Y. : Gefen Pub. House, c2001.
    Related publication: Neʼevaḳnu le-maʻan ha-ḥayim : mi-mivtseʻe ha-maḥteret ha-ḥalutsit be-Budapeshṭ bi-shenat 1944 / Rafi Benshalom. -- Tel Aviv : Moreshet, Bet ʻedut ʻal shem Mordekhai Anilevitsʼ ṿe-Sifriyat poʻalim, 1978.

    Physical Details

    4 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 49 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Postwar experiences.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-06-04 13:28:00
    This page:

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