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Moshe B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1832) interviewed by Nathan Beyrak and Anita Tarsi

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1832

Videotape testimony of Moshe B., who was born in Działoszyce, Poland in 1921, one of five children. Mr. B. recounts participating in a Zionist youth group; moving to Kraków; German invasion; fleeing east with his brother and friends; hiding in Leżajsk; returning to Kraków; visiting his family in Działoszyce; creating false papers for Jewish women to use as Polish forced laborers in Germany; working in Kraków; sending packages to his family; attending clandestine Zionist meetings; returning to Działoszyce; establishment of a Judenrat; deportation to Miechów; remaining with two brothers when separated from his family (they were deported to Bełżec); transfer to Prokocim, then a nearby camp; slave labor breaking coal; a supervisor sharing food; transfer to another camp; escaping; returning to Działoszyce; hiding in a bunker; returning to Kraków; hiding with a non-Jewish friend; and joining his brothers in the labor camp.
Mr. B. recalls transfer to Płaszów; sneaking into the Kraków ghetto to meet with the underground; slave labor in a construction unit; his older brother giving him extra food; Amon Goeth's brutality; public executions; a group Yom Kippur service; disinterring corpses from mass graves to be burned; living in the same barrack as Itzhak Stern and his brother; he and his brothers being placed on Schindler's list; transfer of the men on the list to Rogoznica, then Brünnlitz; improved conditions; writing a document to protect Schindler when he left them; liberation by Soviet troops; others trying and executing a kapo; assistance from local Czechs; traveling to Prague; assistance from the Red Cross; passing though Mauthausen, Gusen, and Ebensee seeking other survivors; placement in the Spittal an der Drau refugee camp; contact with the Jewish Brigade; entering Italy with their assistance; living in the Brigade's camp in Pontebba; working with Mordechai Surkis and Abba Kovner in Mogliano organizing Beriḥah immigration to Palestine; and illegal immigration from Bari by ship to Palestine. Mr. B. discusses the importance of hope to his survival; organizational aspects of the camps; becoming a lawyer; Israeli ignorance and lack of understanding of survivor experiences; testifying at the Eichmann trial; and continuing contact with Schindler.

Author/Creator
B., Moshe, 1921-2007.
Published
Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1986-1990
Interview Date
December 25, 1986, February 13, 1987, March 26, 1987, and February 1, 1990.
Language
Hebrew
Copies
4 copies: 3/4 in. master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Moshe B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1832). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4284596
Record last modified: 2015-07-30 15:42:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4284596