Moshe B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1832) interviewed by Nathan Beyrak and Anita Tarsi
- Tel Aviv, Israel : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1986-1990
- Interview Date
- December 25, 1986, February 13, 1987, March 26, 1987, and February 1, 1990.
- 4 copies: 3/4 in. master; Betacam SP restoration master; Betacam SP restoration submaster; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Moshe B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1832). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Moshe B., who was born in Działoszyce, Poland in 1921, one of five children. Mr. B. recounts participating in a Zionist youth group; moving to Kraków; German invasion; fleeing east with his brother and friends; hiding in Leżajsk; returning to Kraków; visiting his family in Działoszyce; creating false papers for Jewish women to use as Polish forced laborers in Germany; working in Kraków; sending packages to his family; attending clandestine Zionist meetings; returning to Działoszyce; establishment of a Judenrat; deportation to Miechów; remaining with two brothers when separated from his family (they were deported to Bełżec); transfer to Prokocim, then a nearby camp; slave labor breaking coal; a supervisor sharing food; transfer to another camp; escaping; returning to Działoszyce; hiding in a bunker; returning to Kraków; hiding with a non-Jewish friend; and joining his brothers in the labor camp.
Mr. B. recalls transfer to Płaszów; sneaking into the Kraków ghetto to meet with the underground; slave labor in a construction unit; his older brother giving him extra food; Amon Goeth's brutality; public executions; a group Yom Kippur service; disinterring corpses from mass graves to be burned; living in the same barrack as Itzhak Stern and his brother; he and his brothers being placed on Schindler's list; transfer of the men on the list to Rogoznica, then Brünnlitz; improved conditions; writing a document to protect Schindler when he left them; liberation by Soviet troops; others trying and executing a kapo; assistance from local Czechs; traveling to Prague; assistance from the Red Cross; passing though Mauthausen, Gusen, and Ebensee seeking other survivors; placement in the Spittal an der Drau refugee camp; contact with the Jewish Brigade; entering Italy with their assistance; living in the Brigade's camp in Pontebba; working with Mordechai Surkis and Abba Kovner in Mogliano organizing Beriḥah immigration to Palestine; and illegal immigration from Bari by ship to Palestine. Mr. B. discusses the importance of hope to his survival; organizational aspects of the camps; becoming a lawyer; Israeli ignorance and lack of understanding of survivor experiences; testifying at the Eichmann trial; and continuing contact with Schindler.