Fred S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1863) interviewed by Rayzl Kalifowicz-Waletsky
- New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
- Interview Date
- October 10, 1991.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Fred S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1863). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Fred S., who was born in Schweinfurt, Germany in 1904. He recalls attending Gymnasium; his father's losses during the hyperinflation of the early 1920s; studying banking; moving to Mannheim in 1924 to work in a cigar factory; his mother's death; friendships with Jews and non-Jews; exclusion from his company's soccer team in 1933 because he was Jewish; marriage in 1936; futile efforts to emigrate to the United States; losing his job; returning to Schweinfurt to work for his uncle; arrest and imprisonment in Schweinfurt in November 1938; transfer to Dachau; release after three weeks because he received permission to emigrate to the Philippines to work for an American-Jewish cigar manufacturer; traveling to Manila via Genoa and Singapore; being joined by his wife; religious and class differences within Manila's Jewish community; learning his father had died; Japanese occupation; ironically, being left alone by the Japanese because he was German; opening a sausage business; liberation; emigration to the United States in 1946 to join relatives; and visits to Germany.