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Edward S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1876) interviewed by Ilana Abramovitch

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1876

Videotape testimony of Edward S., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1920. He recalls his orthodox home; attending Jewish elementary and public high school; speaking Polish with his parents; pervasive antisemitism, particularly in schools; graduation from engineering school; German invasion; fleeing east with his brother and sister; returning to Kraków; working in a German factory; deportation to Pustków in December 1940; arduous slave labor; a two-week furlough home; hiding to avoid returning; ghettoization with his family in February 1941; his parents' deportation (he never saw them again); hiding with assistance from his German boss; deportation with his sister to Płaszów in December 1942; random shooting by the commandent; public hangings for food smugling; burying people, some of whom were still alive; transfer to Pionki; tensions between Yiddish and non-Yiddish speakers; operating the camp's steam generators; transfer to Auschwitz in June 1944, then to Gleiwitz; receiving extra food from his German foreman; an SS guard breaking his finger for not working hard enough; a death march through Germany in January 1945; escaping with three others; liberation by Soviet troops; returning to Kraków; reunion with his sister; moving to Gleiwitz; marriage; moving to Sweden in 1949 to escape antisemitism; and emigration to the United States in 1951. He shows documents.

Author/Creator
S., Edward, 1920-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1991
Interview Date
November 6, 1991.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Edward S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1876). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.