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Zenia M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1890) interviewed by Brana Gurewitsch

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1890

Videotape testimony of Zenia M., who was born in Vilna, Poland in 1921. She recalls her family's affluence; a rich cultural life; Soviet occupation; hiding to avoid deportation to Siberia; German occupation; round-ups; ghettoization; organized cultural activities; working outside the ghetto; a beating for smuggling food; obtaining munitions for the ghetto resistance (FPO); hiding Yiżḣak Wittenberg, a FPO leader; hiding with her parents during the ghetto's liquidation; their capture; deportation with her mother to Kaiserwald via Auschwitz; transfer to a labor camp; requesting transfer back to Kaiserwald to join her mother; learning of her mother's death; a death march to the Šiauliai ghetto/camp, then to Stutthof; transfer to a labor camp; beatings from which she still suffers; working in the infirmary; contracting typhoid; liberation by Soviet troops; living in Gdánsk; learning her father had perished; emigrating to join relatives in Bolivia in 1947; marriage; and emigration to the United States in 1953. Mrs. M. discusses the importance to her survival of being with one friend throughout the camps; camp life, including singing songs and Hungarian women observing Jewish holidays; her prewar friendship with Sonia Madejsker; and the FPO leadership.

M., Zenia, 1921-
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
August 11, 1992.
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Zenia M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1890). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.