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Harry E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-1914) interviewed by Rayzl Kalifowicz-Waletsky

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-1914

Videotape testimony of Harry E., who was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1915, one of eight children. He recounts his family's poverty; their move to Kurów, then Zwierzyniec; attending public school; antisemitic harassment; their return to Warsaw in 1925; participating in S.K.I.F., the Bund youth group; attending a Yiddish Bund school; working as a floorer; German invasion; a bombing killing his mother, sister, and baby niece; working with his wife and sister in a Bund sanatorium/orphanage in Miedzeszyn near Falenica; support from the Joint; bringing his younger brother there; leaving eighteen months later during a round-up; hiding with his wife, sister, and brother in many places in Warsaw, posing as Christians; doing construction work inside the ghetto; arrest with his crew; imprisonment; transfer to Praga; release; assisting the Bund resistance; constructing hiding places for resistance leaders; being blackmailed by Poles who knew he was Jewish; his wife and sister working as domestics for ethnic Germans; taking his brother to an orphanage (he never saw him again); attending a Bund meeting; participating in the Polish uprising in 1944; and crossing to the Soviet side. Mr. E. discusses prewar politics among Bundists, communists, Zionists, and many Poles who helped him and his family survive at great personal risk.

Author/Creator
E., Harry, 1915-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
January 2, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
3 copies: 3/4 in. dub; Betacam SP restoration master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Harry E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-1914). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.