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Salamon K. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2038) interviewed by Joni-Sue Blinderman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2038

Videotape testimony of Salamon K., who was born in Nizhna Apsha, Czechoslovakia (presently Dubrava, Ukraine) circa 1915, one of nine children. He recalls Hungarian occupation in 1940; compulsory service in a Hungarian labor battalion; postings in Budapest, Munkacs, and the Soviet Union; digging trenches; transfer to an indoor position after demonstrating his carving skills; watching soldiers burn a building filled with sick, elderly Jews; transfer to Kiev, then L'viv; being assigned to cover mass graves filled with murdered Jews near a Polish town; returning to Nizhna Apsha; his family not believing his warnings about the murders of Jews in the Soviet Union and Poland; building a bunker; hiding during a round-up; discovery (his father and one sister remained in hiding); ghettoization; deportation to Auschwitz; separation from his mother and sister; assignment indoors due to his carving skills; evacuation from Auschwitz; escaping during a death march; hiding with a Polish family; and liberation by Soviet troops. Mr. K. recounts living in Kraków; learning his father, three sisters, and one brother were in Sighet; moving to Sighet, then to Aš and Bamberg displaced persons camp with help from Beriḥah; marriage; and emigration to the United States. Mr. K. shows photographs.

Author/Creator
K., Salamon, 1915?-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
May 27, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Salamon K. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2038). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.