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Samuel G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2196) interviewed by Jaša Almuli

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2196

Videotape testimony of Samuel G., who was born in Vinkovci, Croatia in 1920. He recounts cordial relations between ethnic groups; drastic change with the independence of Croatia in 1941; fifteen days imprisonment; anti-Jewish regulations; forced labor; destruction of the synagogue by Ustaša members and local Germans; re-arrest; helping prisoners targeted for crueler treatment (e.g., the rabbi); release; helping the Jewish community supply food for women and children in Djakovo; organizing the release of fifty-seven children from Djakovo (his family took two); deportation to Jasenovac in April 1942; sadistic beatings, rapes, and killings by the Ustaša administration including Tomislav Filipović and Vjekoslav Luburić; organization of the camp; transfer to Gradiška; harsher conditions in the women's camp (Kula); receiving packages from the Jewish community, which were plundered by the Ustaša; witnessing the rape and killing of women he knew; a mass killing including his mother and sisters; his father's death in a mass killing; transfer to another camp, then back to Gradiška; escaping with other prisoners; joining the partisans; being wounded; liberating Belgrade; exacting revenge against collaborators; and his military career and retirement in 1963. Mr. G. notes about ten Jews of hundreds from Vinkovci survived and that he is the only survivor of his family.

Author/Creator
G., Samuel, 1920-
Published
Belgrade, Serbia : Jewish Community in Belgrade, 1991
Interview Date
May 11, 1991.
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Samuel G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2196). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.