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Martha S. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2229) interviewed by Joni-Sue Blinderman

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2229

Videotape testimony of Martha S., who was born in Užhorod, Czechoslovakia in 1919. She recalls her affluent, orthodox home; one sister's emigration to the United States in 1937; her non-Jewish boyfriend; being fired in 1942 because she was Jewish; her father's death; German occupation; refusing to leave her mother to hide with her boyfriend; deportation to Auschwitz in 1944; separation from her mother (she never saw her again); transfer to Dundangen three days later; working in the kitchen; supplying food to friends; escape with a male prisoner; their capture and imprisonment; benign conditions compared to camp; transfer to Stutthof; public hangings of prisoners who stole food; receiving food from a friend when she was ill; transfer to another camp; burying corpses; a death march; liberation near Danzig by Soviet troops in March 1945; being protected by a friend from Stutthof; hospitalization; returning to Užhorod via Bydgoszcz; staying with her cousin; meeting her future husband; moving to Prague; contact from her American sister through the Red Cross; traveling to Paris with her sister; emigration to the United States in 1947; and marriage. Mrs. S. attributes her survival to luck and believes she has repressed her worst memories. She shows photographs.

Author/Creator
S., Martha, 1919-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
November 10, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Martha S. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2229). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.