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Catheryne M. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2231) interviewed by Naomi Rappaport

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2231

Videotape testimony of Catheryne M., who was born in Vrútky, Czechoslovakia in 1928. She recalls cordial relations with non-Jews; her family's move to Ružomberok; ostracizism by non-Jewish students; their move to Hungarian-occupied Sobrance; attending a Jewish school in Uz︠h︡horod; German occupation in 1944; confiscation of her father's pharmacy; incarceration in a brick factory; the humiliation of a strip search by Hungarian soldiers; deportation to Auschwitz; remaining with her mother, sister, and aunt; learning about extermination; receiving extra food from an acquaintance; helping her mother during excruciating long appels; separation from her mother and sister (she never saw them again); transfer to a labor camp in October 1944; slave labor digging tank pits; separation from her aunt during the death march to Bergen-Belsen; attempts to stay clean; liberation by British troops; traveling to Sobrance via Budapest; reunion with her aunt (she had hidden after escaping the death march); futile efforts to find other relatives; traveling with her aunt to Badgastein displaced persons camp; using false papers to enter Italy; and emigration to Canada, then the United States. Mrs. M. discusses the horror of the transports and her resulting fear of trains; relations among prisoners; and her ever-present sense of loss. She shows photographs and documents.

Author/Creator
M., Catheryne, 1928-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage Video History Project, 1992
Interview Date
November 17, 1992.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Catheryne M. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2231). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.