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Mary L. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2235) interviewed by Brana Gurewitsch,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2235

Videotape testimony of Mary L., who was born in I︠a︡mbol, Bulgaria in 1929. She recalls her comfortable, traditional childhood; her family's deep roots in Bulgaria; learning Ladino; attending Hebrew, then Bulgarian, schools; membership in Maccabi; expulsion in 1939 of foreign Jews, among them an uncle and cousins; antisemitic laws, including confiscation of the family business; the atmosphere of fear when visiting her aunt in Sofia; involvement in underground activities through her cousin (she later discovered they were communist directed); close friendship with other Jewish youth; their socialist beliefs; attending school; writing a school composition on the injustice of the Jewish situation; sympathy from her classmates and teacher; fear of deportation; her aunt and uncle moving in after confiscation of their house; repeal of antisemitic laws in 1944; arrival of Soviet troops in September; establishment of a communist government; postwar trials and execution of pro-Germans; attending medical school; emigration to Israel with her parents in 1949; marriage; and emigration to the United States. Mrs. L. discusses the importance of the Orthodox Church in saving Bulgarian Jews, and her daughter's strong religious identification. She shows family photographs.

L.,Mary, 1929-
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1992
Interview Date
December 17, 1992.
I︠A︡mbol (Bulgaria)
Sofia (Bulgaria)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Mary L. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2235). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
View in Yale University Library Catalog:
Record last modified: 2018-06-04 13:25:00
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