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Clara G. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2460) interviewed by Dana L. Kline and Joanne Weiner Rudof,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2460

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Clara G., who was born in Nyírbátor, Hungary in 1930. She recalls her family's Hasidism; loss of their business in 1943 due to anti-Jewish restrictions; German invasion in March 1944; transfer to the Simapuszta ghetto; train transport from Nyíregyháza to Auschwitz; separation from her parents (she never saw her mother again); remaining with her cousins; briefly seeing her father and brother; lighting candles on Fridays; transfer to Stutthof, then to another camp in summer 1944; slave labor at a munitions factory; camp evacuation; disappearance of the guards; liberation by Soviet troops; and walking to Lublin. Mrs. G. recalls realizing she was an orphan; traveling to Warsaw, Kraków, then Budapest, seeking surviving family; returning home in March 1945; reunion with her brother; learning her father had perished in Dachau four days before liberation; their return to Budapest; traveling to Vienna; assistance from UNRRA and HIAS; living in a displaced persons camp in Ulm, then in an orphanage; and emigration to the United States in April 1948 to join relatives. She discusses the importance to her survival of being with relatives and friends and their continuing close relationships; intentionally repressing memories of her parents in the camps; and reluctance to share her story with her daughters.
    Author/Creator
    G., Clara, 1930-
    Published
    Kansas City, Mo. : Midwest Center for Holocaust Education, Inc., 1994
    Interview Date
    January 11, 1994.
    Locale
    Germany
    Hungary
    Simapuszta
    Poland
    Nyírbátor (Hungary)
    Nyíregyháza (Hungary)
    Lublin (Poland)
    Warsaw (Poland)
    Budapest (Hungary)
    Vienna (Austria)
    Kraków (Poland)
    Cite As
    Clara G. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2460). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Kline, Dana L., interviewer.
    Rudof, Joanne Weiner, interviewer.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (2 hr., 11 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Child survivors.
    Mutual aid.
    Postwar experiences.
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Subjects
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Women. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. Forced labor. Concentration camp inmates--Religious life. Orphanages--Germany. Jewish ghettos. Fathers and daughters. World War, 1939-1945--Children. Jews--Hungary--Simapuszta. Concentration camp inmates--Family relationships. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Prisoners of war--Poland. Refugee camps. Hungary. Nyírbátor (Hungary) Nyíregyháza (Hungary) Lublin (Poland) Warsaw (Poland) Budapest (Hungary) Vienna (Austria) Kraków (Poland) Oral histories (document genres) G., Clara,--1930- HIAS (Agency) United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Stutthof (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4287541
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-30 11:44:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4287541

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