Raphael E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2655) interviewed by Annette Wieviorka and Claudine Drame
- Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1993
- Interview Date
- January 5, 1993.
- 2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
- Cite As
- Raphael E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2655). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
Videotape testimony of Raphael E., who was raised in Lyon, France. He describes the formative influence of participating in scouting; fleeing with his older brother after German invasion in 1940; returning to Lyon after the armistice; graduating from technical school in 1942; participating in Resistance activities through the scouts; working with Sixième and Organisation juive de combat; fabricating false documents; arrest in January 1944; imprisonment in Montluc; torture during interrogations; transfer to Drancy; meeting and falling in love with his future wife; deportation to Auschwitz; slave labor manufacturing detonators in the Union Kommando; friendships with other French speakers; brief hospitalization; arranging for the transfer of his future wife to a better kommando; the death march to Gleiwitz; transfer to Gross-Rosen; train evacuation; briefly escaping with a friend (he was executed) in Zwickau; transfer to Dachau, then Waldlager; train evacuation; a mass killing; liberation by United States troops in Tutzing; returning to Paris; reunion with his family in Lyon; and marriage in 1948. Mr. E. notes that he and his wife did not discuss their experiences until recently; his daughter's sensitivity to their silence; the importance of luck and friends to his survival; and involvement in Amicale d'Auschwitz.