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Raphael E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2655) interviewed by Annette Wieviorka and Claudine Drame,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2655

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    Videotape testimony of Raphael E., who was raised in Lyon, France. He describes the formative influence of participating in scouting; fleeing with his older brother after German invasion in 1940; returning to Lyon after the armistice; graduating from technical school in 1942; participating in Resistance activities through the scouts; working with Sixième and Organisation juive de combat; fabricating false documents; arrest in January 1944; imprisonment in Montluc; torture during interrogations; transfer to Drancy; meeting and falling in love with his future wife; deportation to Auschwitz; slave labor manufacturing detonators in the Union Kommando; friendships with other French speakers; brief hospitalization; arranging for the transfer of his future wife to a better kommando; the death march to Gleiwitz; transfer to Gross-Rosen; train evacuation; briefly escaping with a friend (he was executed) in Zwickau; transfer to Dachau, then Waldlager; train evacuation; a mass killing; liberation by United States troops in Tutzing; returning to Paris; reunion with his family in Lyon; and marriage in 1948. Mr. E. notes that he and his wife did not discuss their experiences until recently; his daughter's sensitivity to their silence; the importance of luck and friends to his survival; and involvement in Amicale d'Auschwitz.
    E., Raphael, 1925-
    Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1993
    Interview Date
    January 5, 1993.
    Paris (France)
    Lyon (France)
    Zwickau (Germany)
    Tutzing (Germany)
    Cite As
    Raphael E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2655). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Wieviorka, Annette, interviewer.
    Drame, Claudine, interviewer.
    This testimony is in French.

    Physical Details

    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 56 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Hospitals in concentration camps
    False papers.
    Mutual aid.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Postwar experiences.
    Mass killings.
    Holocaust survivors. Video tapes. Men. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--France. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities. Forced labor. Friendship. Concentration camps--Psychological aspects. Escapes. World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons, French. Oral histories (document genres) Concentration camps--Sociological aspects. Death marches. Paris (France) Lyon (France) Zwickau (Germany) Tutzing (Germany) E., Raphael,--1925- Montluc (Prison : France) Waldlager V (Concentration camp) Amicale d'Auschwitz. Éclaireurs israélites de France. Organisation juive de combat (France) Drancy (Concentration camp) Auschwitz (Concentration camp) Gross-Rosen (Concentration camp) Dachau (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:58:00
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