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André U. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2675) interviewed by John Barzman and Claudine Drame

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2675

Videotape testimony of André U., who was born in Besançon, France in 1914, the youngest of five children. He recalls his family's strong Jewish identity and French patriotism; antisemitic harassment; attending law school in Dijon in 1934, then finishing in Paris in 1937; enlisting in the military; postings to several locations; retreating when the Germans invaded; capture as a prisoner of war; escaping to Besançon; traveling to Paris; joining his family in the unoccupied zone in Lyon; joining the Francs-tireurs resistance; creating false papers for others; attending a reunion of his military unit in 1942; his election as vice-president; bringing his parents to Ennezat to prevent their deportation; capture as a Resistant; imprisonment in Montpellier; transfer to Compiègne, then two days later to the Jewish section where conditions were much worse; transfer to Drancy; attending Jewish services; saving women from deportation by replacing their identity cards; participating in building an escape tunnel; not being caught with the other “builders,” most of whom were deported; organizing to bring extra food into the camp; serious health issues; transfer to a hospital in May 1944; planning to blow up a train with his nephew; obtaining explosive chemicals from the hospital; learning his nephew had been killed; and returning to Drancy immediately prior to its liberation.

Author/Creator
U., André, 1914-
Published
Paris, France : Témoignages pour mémoire, 1993
Interview Date
April 1, 1993.
Language
French
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
André U. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2675). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.