Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Marta E. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2769) interviewed by Gabrielle Tyrnauer,

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2769

Videotape testimony of Marta E., a Romani, who was born in East Prussia, Germany. She remembers moving to Berlin with her family at age six; one brother's deportation to Dachau and another's to Buchenwald; receiving both brothers' ashes with a notice that they had died from pneumonia; examination with her siblings by "race scientists"; deportation with her family to the Zigeunerlager (Gypsy Lager) at Auschwitz/Birkenau; her father and uncle being beaten to death by an SS officer; her mother being beaten by a Romani kapo; her sister arranging their transfer to Ravensbrück; beatings, killings, appels, and starvation; and liberation from Bergen-Belsen by British troops. Mrs. E. discusses her strong belief that Jesus saved her in the camps; her present faith; marriage to another survivor; testifying at a war crime trial; and continuing persecutions of Romanies.

E., Marta.
Austria : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1991
Interview Date
July 21, 1991.
Berlin (Germany)
Prussia, East (Poland and Russia)
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Marta E. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2769). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.