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Leon P. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2788) interviewed by Jaša Almuli

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2788

Videotape testimony of Leon P., who was born in Thessalonikē, Greece in 1920. He recalls studying Hebrew, French, and Greek in a private Jewish school; German invasion; his brother's emigration to Palestine; increasing hardships in the Salonika ghetto; arranging to join the partisans in the mountains; deciding to remain with his parents when they wept at his impending departure; their deportation to Birkenau; separation upon arrival (he never saw them again); assistance from a Polish block commander; transfer to Auschwitz; slave labor in a Krupp munitions factory, then in the Union Kommando; learning Polish; assistance from fellow prisoners when he was ill; hiding with friends, including two boys he had saved during the evacuation; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Kraków, Lublin, then to Chernivt︠s︡i; and joining the Soviet army in Slutsk. Mr. P. discusses the importance to his survival of his mechanical and linguistic skills and help from others; intergroup relations in concentration camps; emotional responses to camp life; and writing his memoirs, published in Greek, entitled "Mazel."

Author/Creator
P., Leon, 1920-
Published
Thessalonikē, Greece : Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, 1993
Interview Date
June 7, 1993.
Language
Ladino
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. master; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Leon P. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2788). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.