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Maria B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2879) interviewed by Edith Bayme and Kathy Strochlic,

Oral History | Digitized | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2879

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    Overview

    Summary
    Videotape testimony of Maria B., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1918. She recalls her affluent childhood; rampant antisemitism; German invasion in September 1939; her father's unwillingness to leave despite having the financial means; anti-Jewish measures; her younger brother's escape to the Soviet zone; refusing an offer to hide with Poles because of her reluctance to leave her family; ghettoization in March 1941; marriage in 1942; her family running a ghetto factory; her father and brother being arrested; bribing an official to release them; transfer with her family to Płaszów; mass killings and executions, some by Amon Goeth; her mother's deportation (she never saw her again); transport with her sisters to Auschwitz in May 1944, then to Stutthof at the end of 1944; slave labor building an airport; assistance from a non-Jew; a death march in January 1945 on which her sisters were killed; escaping; hiding with assistance from local Germans; acquiring false papers; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Warsaw, then Lv'iv; learning her father, brother, and husband perished; marriage in Kraków; her son's birth in Munich; antisemitic incidents in Bamberg; and emigrating to the United States. Mrs. B. discusses her pervasive memories and nightmares and sharing her experiences with her sons.
    Author/Creator
    B., Maria, 1918-
    Published
    New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1994
    Interview Date
    March 15, 1994.
    Locale
    Poland
    Kraków
    Kraków (Poland)
    Warsaw (Poland)
    L'viv (Ukraine)
    Munich (Germany)
    Bamberg (Germany)
    Cite As
    Maria B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2879). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
    Other Authors/Editors
    Bayme, Edith, interviewer.
    Strochlic, Kathy, interviewer.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Copies
    2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
    Physical Description
    1 videorecording (1 hr., 49 min.) : col

    Keywords & Subjects

    Subjects (Local Yale)
    Antisemitism Prewar.
    Mass killings.
    Aid by non-Jews.
    Mutual aid.
    False papers.
    Hiding.
    Postwar experiences.
    Survivor-child relations.
    Antisemitism Postwar.

    Administrative Notes

    Link to Yale University Library Catalog:
    http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4289077
    Record last modified:
    2018-05-29 11:42:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/hvt4289077

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