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Maria B. Holocaust testimony (HVT-2879) interviewed by Edith Bayme and Kathy Strochlic

Oral History | Fortunoff Collection ID: HVT-2879

Videotape testimony of Maria B., who was born in Kraków, Poland in 1918. She recalls her affluent childhood; rampant antisemitism; German invasion in September 1939; her father's unwillingness to leave despite having the financial means; anti-Jewish measures; her younger brother's escape to the Soviet zone; refusing an offer to hide with Poles because of her reluctance to leave her family; ghettoization in March 1941; marriage in 1942; her family running a ghetto factory; her father and brother being arrested; bribing an official to release them; transfer with her family to Płaszów; mass killings and executions, some by Amon Goeth; her mother's deportation (she never saw her again); transport with her sisters to Auschwitz in May 1944, then to Stutthof at the end of 1944; slave labor building an airport; assistance from a non-Jew; a death march in January 1945 on which her sisters were killed; escaping; hiding with assistance from local Germans; acquiring false papers; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Warsaw, then Lv'iv; learning her father, brother, and husband perished; marriage in Kraków; her son's birth in Munich; antisemitic incidents in Bamberg; and emigrating to the United States. Mrs. B. discusses her pervasive memories and nightmares and sharing her experiences with her sons.

Author/Creator
B., Maria, 1918-
Published
New York, N.Y. : A Living Memorial to the Holocaust-Museum of Jewish Heritage, 1994
Interview Date
March 15, 1994.
Language
English
Copies
2 copies: 3/4 in. dub; and 1/2 in. VHS with time coding.
Cite As
Maria B. Holocaust Testimony (HVT-2879). Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, Yale University Library.
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View in Yale University Library Catalog: http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4289077
Record last modified: 2015-07-30 15:43:00
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/hvt4289077